In Managing Construction Quality, construction safety expert witness Pete Fowler provides:
SOME QUICK DEFINITIONS
• Plans and Details: Graphic representation of construction.
• Specifications: Specs are the written representation of construction, which usually includes a greater level of detail regarding construction performance, process, products, and quality.
• Construction Contract: Agreement between two or more parties for the delivery of construction; plans and specifications are used as the definition of what is being bought and sold.
• Standards: Documents, with graphic and written information, referenced by plans, specifications and construction contracts, which specify performance criteria and/or methods in greater detail than typical plans or specifications. Standards are created by standards setting bodies like ASTM, product manufactures, and industry trade groups.