Biotechnology means any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms, or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for specific use. For instance, biotechnology is applied to improve or facilitate cellular processes such as energy metabolism, gene transfer between unrelated species, or the engineering of enzymes for large scale production of drugs.
White biotechnology refers to biotechnology applied to industrial processes. It involves the use of enzymes and organisms for the processing and production of chemicals, materials, and energy. Biochemical engineering expert witnesses may opine on production of bulk and fine chemicals, biofuels, and agricultural products.
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