Keeping Internet Searches to Yourself

In Keeping Internet Searches to Yourself, internet guru, attorney and law librarian
Carole Levitt writes:

For those who are more and more concerned with privacy when researching on the Internet, here’s one of my ABA TECHSHOW tips: Consider using It enhances users’ privacy by not storing your search history, IP addresses or user agents, and not passing along your search words to the site you visit when you click on a link in the results list. But, what if you love using all of Google’s advanced search features/instructions (or Bing’s or Yahoo’s)? Well, you can still use them and protect your privacy if you precede your search with what DuckDuckGo calls a “bang,” which is an exclamation point and the first letter of the search engine where you want DuckDuckGo to submit your search. For example, to submit your search to Google and limit your results only to PDFs that have the name “carole levitt” as a phrase, your search would look like this:

!g “carole levitt” filetype:pdf

Carole Levitt (@CaroleLevitt) is President of Internet For Lawyers. A frequent speaker on topics such as investigative and legal research, Google search, social media research and legal ethics, Carole spoke at the TECHSHOW session “Bingoogleduckyahoo!”

For more tips like these, you can purchase her book, The Cybersleuth’s Guide to the Internet: Conducting Effective Free Investigative & Legal Research on the Web, 13th edition (2015) at: